A nail may not be a noticeable style feature, but looking at them carefully can help you authenticate the age of a primitive or antique furniture piece before you buy. Like restorers of historical buildings, you can identify the period by the technology used to create the nails and unlock the past of furniture. Hand-wrought Until the 18th century, nail production methods had not changed for hundreds of years. Iron ore and carbon heated together and then cooled created wrought iron, from which a nail length piece was cut and hammered on four sides to create a point. Hand-wrought nails have tapered but irregular and crooked square shafts. These nails have heads known as rose heads, a faceted and shallow pyramid-shaped design created from four blows of an ironsmith’s hammer. Cut but Not Perfect Between the end of the 18th and the end of the 19th centuries, nails were cut into shape. In the early part of the period, nail-makers cut them by hand from a sheet of iron. Later, machine did the cutting, but nails were still made one at a time.
Category: Drawer Manufacturing
All have single-graded cuts which were probably produced by use of a chisel and then hardened using powdered antler or horn, a practice described by Theophilus. Other Types of Tools There are a few types of tools for which we do not have surviving examples in the archaeological record. However, workshop debris and literary references provide additional clues.
Pole Lathe Diagram of a Pole Lathe We know that the Viking Age woodcrafter had access to a medieval type of “power tool” which is known today as a pole lathe.
Some of the earliest examples of the dovetail joint are in furniture entombed with mummies dating back to ancient Egypt as well as the ancient tombs of Chinese emperors. So as .
Dovetails are interlocking carved wood joints used in cabinetry to connect two pieces of wood — drawer fronts and sides, cabinet or cupboard corners. The technique produces a sturdy, long-lasting connection. Examining these joints helps determine the age of old furniture. It’s called a “dovetail” joint because the flat-bottomed triangular shape of the wood insert looks like a dove’s tail. Whether that tail is fat, skinny, symmetrical or used sparingly reveals a clue to the origins of the piece.
The Pharaoh’s Footstool Egyptian pharaohs were buried with fine furnishings and chests of valuables and rare spices to accompany them to the afterlife.
What Is A Dovetail Joint? Types of Dovetail Joinery
American Furniture Many vintage furniture buyers opt for quality reproductions that are more affordable, and either option is fine providing that you research your subject well when identifying antique furniture. There is no exact science where antique furniture is concerned; you simply make an educated decision based on what is most important to you. Researching and Identifying Antique Furniture Becoming knowledgeable about antique furniture takes research, even if you are focusing on only one aspect of this wide-ranging subject.
Many collectors prefer particular eras, styles, and makers, while others have more eclectic tastes.
When dating a piece of antique furniture, one of the most important clues to its history is often overlooked. A nail may not be a noticeable style feature, but looking at them carefully can help.
Learning more about this American classic will have you ready to drive off to the nearest vintage shop and peek around… The History of Mid-Century Modern Furniture by Lane In a Nut Shell As with all good things, Lane Furniture started with a bit of imagination and investment. It all began when John Lane purchased a Virginia manufacturing plant. Their original product offering: Lane ventured into the realm of occasional tables in Sample Lane Logo Known by its impeccable craftsmanship, you will want to look for the following clues: Dovetail joints Metal details Tapered legs But in order to be authentic, your piece should be marked with the Lane logo.
This is very helpful as you can determine the production date by reading the serial number backwards. For example, our end table has the serial number: However, a great back up plan is to apply wax to the wooden surfaces from time to time. Scrape the burned finish with a single-edge razor blade you can find these in your local hardware store in the paint prep aisle Remove any loose dirt or wood bits and clean with naptha typically a lacquer thinner, but it is best to consult your local hardware paint department to make sure you buy the right thing After the surface is clean, you will want to smooth it.
With a grit sandpaper and sand wool, carefully smooth the surface. You should be able to easily glide your fingers across the wood. If there is a small divet, you can use a rub-in stick to fill the area.
Identifying Antique Furniture
You’ll also be signed up to receive e-newsletters from Antique Trader and partners. Fred Taylor May 26, In an effort to determine the range of the age of a piece of furniture, we have the beginnings of a built-in time line if the piece has drawers. The concept of the modern chest of drawers as we know it, a case containing a series of more or less matching drawers, became a reality in the latter part of the 17th century.
Dovetail maestro Rob Cosman again makes us all feel inadequate with his latest video in which he cuts a half-blind dovetail joint in 6 minutes and 52 seconds. Cosman uses Northern white pine, which you might think is cheating, he can cut the tail in one stroke.
Woodworking joints — Joinery is a part of woodworking that involves joining together pieces of timber or lumber, to produce more complex items. Some wood joints employ fasteners, bindings, or adhesives, while others use only wood elements, the characteristics of wooden joints – strength, flexibility, toughness, appearance, etc. Therefore, different joinery techniques are used to meet differing requirements, for example, the joinery used to construct a house can be different from that used to make puzzle toys, although some concepts overlap.
Dowel, A small rod is used internal to a joint both to align and to strengthen the joint. Traditional joints are used with natural timbers as they do not need any other materials other than the timber itself, dowel joints are also useful for pegging together weaker, cheaper composite materials such as laminate-faced chipboard, and where limited woodworking tools are available. Biscuit joints, A small biscuit is used to align an edge or butt joint when gluing.
Domino joiner, A trademarked tool similar to a joiner, where a piece larger than a biscuit has some of the advantages of dowels.
Furniture – Beds and Bedside tables cabinets
QR Code A finished dovetail joint. A dovetail joint or simply dovetail is a joinery technique most commonly used in woodworking joinery carpentry including furniture, cabinets, , log buildings and traditional timber framing. Noted for its resistance to being pulled apart tensile strength , the dovetail joint is commonly used to join the sides of a drawer to the front.
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Home Blog A very old drawer, in a very old chest of drawers October 11, By Al Navas A very old drawer, in a very old chest of drawers We are finally home, after 3, miles on the road in two weeks. Following the conference we drove into the Western part of Connecticut, Massachusetts, and Vermont, a region commonly referred to as New England, for all readers not in the United States. And now the job of cataloging photos of our trip begins, to make some order of the conference, the miles, the gorgeous views, and the wonderful people along the way.
As I started the job of cataloging the photos, I came across this photo of a drawer in an old cabinet from the s. It is one of 8 drawers in an old cabinet at the Old Woodshed, in Intercourse, PA — I avoided flash, and used only very dim available light: And searching the Internet has netted exactly zero results. I love the look of this joinery, but I am having trouble deciding whether this is just a variation of a rabetted side on the drawer front.
Are the pegs likely to be glued in place? And how is this joint made? I can see myself today making the half-rounds using a Forstner bit on the edge of the drawer front, but how would you make the perfectly-matching contour on the sides? Was this all made by hand? I look forward to some enlightenment from readers who might know the answers to my questions.
As solid as dovetails, Knapp joint solidly dates antique furniture drawers
It has stood the test of time dating all the way back to ancient Egypt. It is regarded as the mark of skill on the part of the craftsperson creating the dovetail joint. This symbol of strength and craftsmanship is the cornerstone of the Dovetail Design philosophy. Dovetail Design is a custom cabinet builder in Eau Claire, WI with a focus on quality, design, and attention to detail.
The Dovetail Joint The dovetail is the strongest way to join two boards at 90 degrees to each other. It consists of a wedge-like shape (like half a bow tie, or eponymously a dove’s tail) cut into a board, which is then joined with a piece that’s been cut to fit.
Methods[ edit ] The dovetail joint is very strong because of the way the ‘tails’ and ‘pins’ are shaped. This makes it difficult to pull the joint apart and virtually impossible when glue is added. This type of joint is used in box constructions such as drawers, jewellery boxes, cabinets and other pieces of furniture where strength is required. It is a difficult joint to make manually, requiring skilled workmanship. There are different types of dovetail joints. The joint is strong especially when used with glue.
Woodworking in the Viking Age
History[ edit ] The term was once common around the furniture-making town of High Wycombe in Buckinghamshire , England. Bodgers were highly skilled itinerant wood-turners, who worked in the beech woods of the Chiltern Hills. The term was always confined to High Wycombe until the recent post revival of pole lathe turning with many chairmakers around the country now calling themselves bodgers.
Chairs were made and parts turned in all parts of the UK before the semi industrialised production of High Wycombe. As well recorded in Cotton the English Regional Chair Bodgers also sold their waste product as kindling, or as exceptionally durable woven-baskets.
Dovetail joint’s wiki: A dovetail joint or simply dovetail is a joinery technique most commonly used in woodworking joinery (carpentry) including furniture, cabinets,, log buildings and traditional timber framing. Noted for its resistance to being pulled apart (tensile strengt.
An optional upgrade in some cabinets we were ordering prompted a call to my Dad. Hold your hands up in front of you, palms facing you, he instructed. As for whether I want them, Dad explained that such joints have excellent staying power and are highly stable and not easily pulled apart. Nowadays, computerized machines are used to make dovetail joints. But when Dad was in college it was seen as a critical skill to be able to plan, measure, cut and assemble a dovetail drawer manually.
He and a partner were sent to opposite sides of the shop with their measurements, made their cuts independently and then came together hoping their joint would perfectly interlock. It took much back and forth, large and small adjustments and multiple attempts before the corner was effectively joined. How many young men and women are hoping to find the partner that will be their perfect compliment:
Custom Cabinets around Eau Claire, WI
Dovetails – A Clue for Dating Antiques by Ken Melchert Dovetail joints often hold two boards together in a box or drawer, almost like interlocking the fingertips of your hands. As the dovetail joint evolved through the last one hundred thirty years, it becomes a clue for the age and authenticity of antique furniture. The type of dovetailed joint, especially in drawers, reveals much about furniture construction and dating.
With just a little study of these examples, it is easy to spot true hand made construction vs.
Look at dovetail joints. New dovetails are either machine-made or much narrower than the wide, up-to-3/8-inch dovetails of the s. Compare all the dovetail joints in the piece.
History of Technology Heroes and Villains – A little light reading Here you will find a brief history of technology. Initially inspired by the development of batteries, it covers technology in general and includes some interesting little known, or long forgotten, facts as well as a few myths about the development of technology, the science behind it, the context in which it occurred and the deeds of the many personalities, eccentrics and charlatans involved. You may find the Search Engine , the Technology Timeline or the Hall of Fame quicker if you are looking for something or somebody in particular.
Scroll down and see what treasures you can discover. Background We think of a battery today as a source of portable power, but it is no exaggeration to say that the battery is one of the most important inventions in the history of mankind. Volta’s pile was at first a technical curiosity but this new electrochemical phenomenon very quickly opened the door to new branches of both physics and chemistry and a myriad of discoveries, inventions and applications.
The electronics, computers and communications industries, power engineering and much of the chemical industry of today were founded on discoveries made possible by the battery. Pioneers It is often overlooked that throughout the nineteenth century, most of the electrical experimenters, inventors and engineers who made these advances possible had to make their own batteries before they could start their investigations.
They did not have the benefit of cheap, off the shelf, mass produced batteries. For many years the telegraph, and later the telephone, industries were the only consumers of batteries in modest volumes and it wasn’t until the twentieth century that new applications created the demand that made the battery a commodity item.